Dr. Marion Silies ENI Göttingen – European Neuroscience Institute, Göttingen

Visual Processing

About Dr. Marion Silies

How neural networks perform many critical computations is not understood. In sensory systems, a variety of computations extract salient information from the environment and guide appropriate behavior. Despite decades of work, our understanding of these processes remains fragmentary: in some systems, specific neurons have been identified that respond to distinct sensory cues; in others, specific behavioral outputs or computational models that predict physiology or behavior are known. However, a complete understanding of how neurons gain specific physiological properties, how they are organized in circuits and how these circuits guide distinct behaviors, has not been established in any system. A comprehensive understanding of brain function at all levels will open up new avenues for treating psychiatric or neurological diseases.

Animals ranging from insects to humans use visual information, especially motion cues, to navigate through the environment, capture prey, or escape predators. Because motion vision requires circuits to integrate visual information over both space and time it has long been considered a paradigmatic computation for understanding brain function. 

Computational models that describe how motion information can be extracted have existed for more than 50 years, and explain motion perception from flies to humans. However, the neural circuits that implement these models are still incompletely. Moreover, many molecular and cellular mechanisms regulate synaptic activity or modulate cellular properties in identified neurons, but they have only rarely been associated with specific, behaviorally relevant computations. While the goal should be to link such mechanisms to the ultimate read-out, animal behavior, this is impossible in many systems. My lab intends to achieve this by studying motion detection in a genetic model organism, the fruit fly Drosophila. In flies, motion-guided behaviors have been studied in detail and described computationally. We use cell biological and genetic approaches to manipulate critical neurons in motion detecting circuits. In combination with physiology and quantitative behavioral analysis, we hope to identify the cellular and molecular mechanisms that guide behavioral responses to motion.

We aim to identify general mechanisms by which a nervous system can vertically integrate molecular, cellular and circuit mechanisms to compute behaviorally critical outputs from specific inputs.

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Awards, Fellowships and Honours

2015: Schilling Forschungspreis of the German Neuroscience Society (NWG)
Since 2015: Independent Group Leader (Emmy Noether Group) at the ENI, Göttingen
02/2014 Emmy Noether Fellowship of the DFG
01/2011–12/2013 Jane Coffin Childs Postdoctoral Fellowship
04/2011 PhD Award of the German Society for Developmental Biology, best PhD thesis of 2009-2011
07/2010–12/2010 Stanford Dean’s Postdoctoral Fellowship
07/2006-10/2008 PhD Fellowship, Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds
04/2003-10/2005 Scholarship, Cusanuswerk
07/2003-10/2004 Scholarship, German National Academic Foundation
10/2000-09/2002 Scholarship, Chemical Industry Fund (VCI)

Research Interests/Areas of Expertise

  • Neurogenetics using the model organism Drosophila 
  • Visual processing
  • Motion vision Microcircuit organization and function
  • Cell biology (in combination with physiology and behavior)
  • Computational neuroscience
  • In vivo 2 photon calcium imaging
  • Behavioural neuroscience